Top person sorted by score
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|Persons by:||number||score||normalized score|
|Programs by:||number||score||normalized score|
|Projects by:||number||score||normalized score|
At this site we keep several lists of primes, most notably the list of the 5,000 largest known primes. Who found the most of these record primes? We keep separate counts for persons, projects and programs. To see these lists click on 'number' to the right.
Clearly one 100,000,000 digit prime is much harder to discover than quite a few 100,000 digit primes. Based on the usual estimates we score the top persons, provers and projects by adding (log n)3 log log n for each of their primes n. Click on 'score' to see these lists.
Finally, to make sense of the score values, we normalize them by dividing by the current score of the 5000th prime. See these by clicking on 'normalized score' in the table on the right.
rank person primes score 21 Ben Maloney 1 52.0371 22 Wolfgang Schwieger 85 51.9117 23 Marc Wiseler 10 51.8185 24 Diego Bertolotti 1 51.6397 25 Stefan Larsson 149 51.6306 26 Rudi Tapper 4 51.6208 27 Brian D. Niegocki 25 51.3482 28 Randall Scalise 149 51.2880 29 Hiroyuki Okazaki 45 51.1480 30 Peter Kaiser 84.3333 51.0046 31 Alen Kecic 16 50.9423 32 Michael Cameron 1 50.9234 33 Erik Veit 46 50.8864 34 Thomas Ritschel 82 50.8583 35 Konstantin Agafonov 1 50.8197 36 Vaughan Davies 92 50.7740 37 Peter Benson 82 50.6462 38 Michael Schulz 1 50.5434 39 Ed Goforth 8 50.5175 40 Karsten Klopffleisch 1 50.5009
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- Score for Primes
To find the score for a person, program or project's primes, we give each prime n the score (log n)3 log log n; and then find the sum of the scores of their primes. For persons (and for projects), if three go together to find the prime, each gets one-third of the score. Finally we take the log of the resulting sum to narrow the range of the resulting scores. (Throughout this page log is the natural logarithm.)
How did we settle on (log n)3 log log n? For most of the primes on the list the primality testing algorithms take roughly O(log(n)) steps where the steps each take a set number of multiplications. FFT multiplications take about
O( log n . log log n . log log log n )
operations. However, for practical purposes the O(log log log n) is a constant for this range number (it is the precision of numbers used during the FFT, 64 bits suffices for numbers under about 2,000,000 digits).
Next, by the prime number theorem, the number of integers we must test before finding a prime the size of n is O(log n) (only the constant is effected by prescreening using trial division). So to get a rough estimate of the amount of time to find a prime the size of n, we just multiply these together and we get
O( (log n)3 log log n ).
Finally, for convenience when we add these scores, we take the log of the result. This is because log n is roughly 2.3 times the number of digits in the prime n, so (log n)3 is quite large for many of the primes on the list. (The number of decimal digits in n is floor((log n)/(log 10)+1)).